Adolf Grünbaum (1923-2018)

Adolf Grünbaum  (May 15, 1923 – November 15, 2018) was a German-American  philosopher of science  and a critic of  psychoanalysis , as well as  Karl Popper 's philosophy of science. He was the first Andrew Mellon Professor of Philosophy at the  University of Pittsburgh  from 1960 until his death, and also served as Co-Chairman of its  Center for Philosophy of Science  (from 1978), Research Professor of Psychiatry (from 1979), and Primary Research Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science (from 2006). His works include  Philosophical Problems of Space and Time   (1963),  The Foundations of Psychoanalysis  (1984), and  Validation in the Clinical Theory of Psychoanalysis  (1993).  Life and career Adolf Grünbaum's family left  Nazi Germany  in 1938 and emigrated to the United States. He received a B.A. with twofold High Distinction in Philosophy and in Mathematics from  Wesleyan University Middletown Connecticut  in 1943.During the second world war, Grünbaum was trained at Camp Ritchie, Maryland, and thus was one of the  Ritchie Boys . He was stationed in Berlin and interrogated highly-placed Nazis, returning to the United States in 1946.Grünbaum obtained both his M.S. in physics (1948) and his Ph.D in philosophy (1951) from  Yale University . He was a chaired professor of Philosophy at  Lehigh University Bethlehem, Pennsylvania  (1956–1960), after rising through the ranks there, starting in 1950, becoming a full professor in 1955.In the fall of 1960, Grünbaum left Lehigh University to join the faculty of the  University of Pittsburgh , where he became the first Andrew Mellon Professor of Philosophy. In that year, he also became the founding Director of that University's Center for Philosophy of Science, serving as Director until 1978. He and the colleagues he recruited then built world-class  Philosophy  and  History and Philosophy of Science   Departments at the university. Several of these colleagues had come from  Yale University 's Philosophy Department, starting in 1962. During this recruitment period the University of Pittsburgh appointed  Nicholas Rescher Wilfrid Sellars , Richard Gale,  Nuel Belnap Alan Ross Anderson , and Gerald Massey, among others.In 2003, Grünbaum resigned from the Department of Philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh, while retaining his lifetime tenured Mellon Chair and all of his other affiliations at that university.Grünbaum served as President of both the  American Philosophical Association  (Eastern Division) and the  Philosophy of Science Association  (two terms). He was the director of the  Center for Philosophy of Science  from 1960 to 1978. He was the president of the  Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science  of the  International Union of History and Philosophy of Science  (IUHPS) in 2004–2005 and then automatically became president of the IUHPS from 2006 to 2007. He is also a Fellow of the  American Academy of Arts and Sciences .He received the Senior U.S. Scientist Prize from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (Germany, 1985), the Fregene Prize for science from the Italian Parliament (1998) and the  Wilbur Lucius Cross Medal  for outstanding achievement from  Yale University  (1990). Also, in May 1995, he received an honorary doctorate from the  University of Konstanz  in  Germany  and, in 2013, an honorary doctorate of philosophy from the  University of Cologne  in  Germany . In 2013, he received the  Großes Bundesverdienstkreuz  from the  Federal Republic of Germany .Grünbaum was Jewish. He died in November 2018 at the age of 95.  Philosophical work Grünbaum was the author of nearly 400 articles and book chapters as well as books on space-time and the critique of psychoanalysis. He is often viewed as part of the American brand of  logical empiricism , associated especially with  Hans Reichenbach .Grünbaum did not embrace the prevailing — especially among physical scientists —  Popperian  philosophy of science, leading to some notoriety in the 1960s after he was ridiculed in print by the iconic physicist  Richard Feynman . A much-quoted exchange followed Grünbaum's neo- Leibnizian  suggestion that the  flow of time  might be an illusion only in conscious entities, in which Feynman asked whether dogs, then cockroaches, were sufficiently conscious entities. Reportedly as a mark of further disdain, Feynman refused to let his name be printed, becoming instead the easily recognizable "Mr. X".Some 40 years later, writer  Jim Holt  would characterize Grünbaum as, in the 1950s, "the foremost thinker about the subtleties of space and time," and as, by the 2000s, "arguably the greatest living philosopher of science." Holt portrays a rationalist Grünbaum who rejects any hint of mysteriousness in the cosmos (a "great rejector").  Selected publications

  • ·  Modern Science and Zeno's Paradoxes  (first edition, 1967; second edition, 1968)
  • ·  Geometry and Chronometry in Philosophical Perspective  (1968)
  • ·  Philosophical Problems of Space and Time    (first edition, 1963; second edition, 1973)
  • ·  The Foundations of Psychoanalysis   (1984)
  • ·  Validation in the Clinical Theory of Psychoanalysis : A Study in the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis  (1993)
  • · Collected Works, Volume 1 (ed. by Thomas Kupka):  Scientific Rationality, the Human Condition, and 20th Century Cosmologies , Oxford University Press 2013. Volume 2:  The Philosophy of Space & Time  (ed. by Thomas Kupka), is forthcoming 2019; Volume 3:  Lectures on Psychoanalysis  (ed. by Thomas Kupka & Leanne Longwill), is forthcoming 2019 as well (both also with OUP). ( From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)